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State of Coups: A timeline of Guinea-Bissau

By Alex Jones

Guinea-Bissau is a volatile country.

No government has survived a full term in office since they won independence from Portugal in 1974 and they are currently in the midst of yet another military coup.

World News Today looks back at the African states tumultuous past:

September. 10, 1974: Guinea-Bissau wins independence from Portugal following an 11 year liberation war.  Luis Cabral becomes their first president.

November 14, 1980: Cabral is overthrown by Prime Minister Joao Bernado Vieira during a bloodless coup. A military revolutionary council takes control.

June 7, 1998: Thousands are killed during a failed coup  led by army General Ansumane Mane. The failed coup leads to a civil war. Vieira receives military backing from neighbours Senegal and Guinea and eventually quashes the rebellion.

May 7, 1999: A military coup topples Vieira. He then flees to Portugal and Malam Bacai Sanha is appointed acting president.

November 28, 1999: A philosophy professor, Kumba Yala,  wins the next presidential election but is overthrown on September 14, 2003 as  the military seizes power.

July 24, 2005: Former President Joao Bernado Vieira returns from exile in Portugal to win the next election.

March 2, 2009: President Vieira is killed in a further coup.  Raimundo Pereira becomes interim leader.

June 5, 2009: Military police kill three politicians in an attempted coup.

July 29, 2009: Malam Bacai Sanha wins presidential election with 63% of the vote.

January 9, 2012: President Malam Bacai Sanha dies of natural causes and Raimundo Pereira names interim president.

March 18, 2012: The first round of presidential election sees Carlos Gomes Junior wins 49 percent of the vote, falling just short of the absolute majority needed to avoid a second round.

March 28, 2012: Claims that the vote is rigged sees Gomes Junior’s main rival, Yala, state he will boycott the second round of votes on April 29.

April 12, 2010: Soldiers attack Gomes Junior’s residence with heavy gun fire. The wherabouts of Gomes Junior’s is unkown. It is not none if he is still alive.

The coup is on going.

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